Shoring is an important step in construction and as a family person, you should know these steps that are performed during the construction of your place. Construction of a building includes many crucial steps including testing the site, making plans, deciding architecture and this all is made by taking environmental conditions into consideration. Some of the most crucial aspects of the construction of a building aren’t permanent.
In many cases, temporary measures are carried out to help make the process of building. This makes the whole process safer, faster and more convenient in terms of the safety of workers as well as your family. One of the most important of these measures is shoring which is discussed below. Shoring helps in construction, especially in construction in hilly areas. On job sites where the work takes place against the property line, shoring is done to improve the stability and safety of the building or a structure.
Here are some types of shoring that structural consultants suggest you to go with.
1. Contiguous Pile Shoring-
Contiguous or Tangent Pile Shoring includes the closely spaced piles. These piles are placed such that the faces of the piles are almost touching. These piles can be tangent with each other that’s why it is also known as tangent pile shoring. Such shoring is used where water is not significant. It is also used in areas where water pressure is very low. This is usually carried out in clay soils and can use to retain dry granular material or fills.
Although water seepage in between the opening of the pile is more likely to occur when used in water-bearing granular soils, granules can put a stop on this. grouting these gaps to form a water-tight retaining wall can be done with the usage of granules. Prajukti which is one of the top structural engineering firms suggests that this type of shoring should not be used at a high groundwater table without dewatering works.
2. Sheet Piles-
Sheets piles can be used to retain soil to soil excavations. According to the site type, when we need to isolate our excavation from the water bodies specifically a creek, a pond or on a sea-side, we can use this type of shoring. Sheet pile shoring is commonly seen in a port and harbor construction. Similar to soldier piles, these can also be constructed by driving prefabricated Z or U steel sections into the ground. This can be done by using a Vibro hammer. By connecting the Z or U steel sections or the sheet piles, the full wall is formed. Achieving the desired depth of the ground is important during the process of shoring. For that, the end of sheet piles should be long enough. The length of the sheet piles depends on the depth of excavation.
3. Diaphragm Walls-
Diaphragm Walls type of shoring is used when the excavations are too deep. this type of shoring is made of reinforced concrete. It is designed primarily depending upon the loads that need to be resisted. It can be an element for a temporary or permanent retaining wall or maybe both. This shoring is best in the construction of the basement and tunnels where deep excavations are needed.
There are various types of shoring other than this which are used according to the mindset of the structural consultants. Other types of shoring such as cofferdams, raking shore, flying shoring, etc. are intended to use primarily according to its specialty and convenience of the site where the shoring is done. Above are the most commonly used type of shoring.