The main dues for root canal therapy are infections, diseases that damage the pulp beyond repair, or severe trauma experienced through the tooth. The cavity that is not timely or properly treated may decay the tooth structure (enamel and dentin) and eventually result in pulp damage. Tooth trauma involves physical trauma as well as occasional pulp inflammation because of other dental procedures. In any case, if root canal therapy is not performed, infection would likely occur. These infections can consequently affect the bone around the tooth and in few cases, the tooth may require being extracted.
Symptoms for needed root canal Melbourne therapy include significant pain in a tooth while pressure is applied, great sensitivity to heat, prolonged sensitivity to cold, swelling around an affected tooth, discoloration of the tooth, and a broken tooth. In order to diagnose whether root canal treatment is required, the dentist would take x-rays and can expose the tooth to hot or cold, check surrounding tissue, and/or applying pressure to the tooth. Finally, if the results are still inconclusive, an electric pulp tester can be used.
Root canal therapy must be completed in one visit if there is no complication. Later office visits may be needed to examine on removed infections. The overall procedure includes two main steps. First, is measuring which can involve anesthetics and possibly sedation. The dentist removes the top of the pulp by a hole in order to gauge the canal itself. In the second step, the canal is the gauge by X-rays and/or an electric apex locator.
Next is an essential step of the procedure as the dentist should ensure to remove all of the diseased pulp tissue from the canals. Rinsed with an antiseptic solution, the canals would then be dried, condensed and sealed. Depending on the condition of the tooth, the dentist might at times select to wait until the following visit to seal the tooth in which case a temporary filling is placed among visits. A full coverage crown is always the restoration of choice following root canal therapy to prevent these teeth from the fracture. Fractures of roots canal treated teeth are common if the tooth is not restored immediately.
The patient might feel a few post-operative discomforts so medications like as an antibiotic, anti-inflammatory and/or an analgesic can be prescribed. In the days following treatment, chewing along with the treated tooth should be kept to a minimum but overall normal activities may be continued.
Here are few complications that can happen with root canal therapy:
1)The tooth can develop new infections if a canal is left untreated. This always occurs when there is more than anticipated number of canals inside a tooth.
2)A not known crack in the root of the tooth.
3)A poorly condensed root canal therapy may result in new bacteria entering the inner parts of the tooth causing recurrent infection.
4)Poor restoration may cause decay which over time may permit bacteria into the tooth.
Possible complications that may happen during the procedure include bacteria being pushed by the tips of the roots into surrounding tissue, perforation of the root with a filing instrument or a file can break off inner side the tooth.
All of these complications are less. Overall, root canal therapy is a great successful procedure along with over a 95% success rate. With proper numbing of the tooth and surrounding areas, the procedures are completely pain-free. A tooth that has been repaired may last a lifetime and with cosmetic crowns, the root canal Melbourne is completely hidden.